52474/16, HOUSING COOPERATIVE TEHNIČAR NOVI SAD v. SERBIA - Decyzja Europejskiego Trybunału Praw Człowieka

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Decyzja Europejskiego Trybunału Praw Człowieka z dnia 14 maja 2019 r. 52474/16

UZASADNIENIE

Wstęp

ECLI:CE:ECHR:2019:0514DEC005247416

THIRD SECTION

DECISION

Application no. 52474/16

HOUSING COOPERATIVE TEHNIČAR NOVI SAD against Serbia

and 29 other applications

(see list appended)

The European Court of Human Rights (Third Section), sitting on 14 May 2019 as a Committee composed of:

Georgios A. Serghides, President,

Branko Lubarda,

Erik Wennerström, judges,

and Fatoş Aracı, Deputy Section Registrar,

Having regard to the above applications lodged on the various dates indicated in the appended table,

Having regard to the observations submitted by the parties,

Having deliberated, decides as follows:

Uzasadnienie faktyczne

THE FACTS

1. The applicant is Stambena zadruga radnika Univerziteta u Novom Sadu Tehničar - u stečaju ("the applicant"), a housing cooperative that had its seat in Novi Sad. It was represented before the Court by Mr Č. Nikolić, a lawyer practicing in Niš.

2. On 9 November 2010 winding up proceedings against the applicant were initiated. On 10 October 2016 the applicant ceased to exist. Shortly thereafter, its estate was registered in a special register of the estates of liquidated legal entities with pending claims (Registar stečajne mase). It is not clear whether the applicant's estate has legal personality under domestic law.

3. The Serbian Government ("the Government") were represented by their Agent, Ms N. Plavšić.

4. The facts of the case, as submitted by the parties, may be summarised as follows.

5. In 1990s the applicant initiated around 400 civil suits seeking damages from its members. The present case concerns thirty of those civil proceedings.

6. At the date of the entry into force of the Convention in respect of Serbia, the proceedings were still before the first-instance court. They lasted around ten years after that date for two instances (see the appended table).

7. In the course of 2016 the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court of Cassation rendered a number of decisions finding a violation of the applicant's right to a hearing within a reasonable time and awarded it a total of 17,220 euros (EUR) in respect of non-pecuniary damage.

Zarzuty

COMPLAINT

8. The applicant complained under Article 6 § 1 of the Convention about the length of the civil proceedings described above.

Uzasadnienie prawne

THE LAW

A. Joinder of applications

9. Having regard to the similar subject matter of the applications, the Court finds it appropriate to examine them jointly in a single decision.

B. Admissibility

10. The Government maintained that the applicant can no longer claim to be a victim, since the domestic courts had acknowledged a breach of its right to a hearing within a reasonable time and had awarded adequate redress.

11. The applicant disagreed.

12. In accordance with the Court's well-established case-law in length-of-proceedings cases, a decision or a measure favourable to the applicant is not in principle sufficient to deprive him of his status as a victim unless the national authorities have acknowledged a violation either expressly or in substance, and awarded appropriate and sufficient redress for it (see the principles set out in Cocchiarella v. Italy [GC], no. 64886/01, §§ 69-98, ECHR 2006–V).

13. In the present case, the domestic courts acknowledged a breach of the applicant's right to a hearing within a reasonable time. They also awarded the applicant EUR 17,220 in total in respect of non-pecuniary damage. Although the applicant pursued numerous sets of civil proceedings, the Court cannot ignore the fact that all those proceedings were almost identical and were pursued in parallel. Taking into consideration also the finding of the domestic courts that the applicant had contributed to the length of the proceedings, the Court considers that the applicant was awarded appropriate and sufficient redress.

14. Therefore, even assuming that the applicant's estate can pursue proceedings before this Court in the applicant's stead (see paragraph 2 above), the applicant can no longer claim to be a "victim" within the meaning of Article 34 of the Convention. It follows that the case is manifestly ill-founded and must be rejected pursuant to Article 35 §§ 3 (a) and 4 of the Convention.

Sentencja

FOR THESE REASONS, THE COURT, UNANIMOUSLY,

Decides to join the applications;

Declares the applications inadmissible.

Done in English and notified in writing on 6 June 2019.

Fatoş Aracı

Georgios A. Serghides

Deputy Registrar

President

APPENDIX

No.

Application no.

Date of introduction

Applicant's name

Date of registration

Seat

Start of proceedings or date of entry into force the Convention in respect of Serbia (3 March 2004)

End of proceedings

Total length

Levels of jurisdiction

1.

52474/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

12/02/2014

9 years and 11 months and 10 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

2.

52517/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

06/02/2014

9 years and 11 months and 4 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

3.

52522/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

12/12/2013

9 years and 9 months and 10 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

4.

52525/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

07/05/2014

10 years and 2 months and 5 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

5.

52527/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

15/10/2013

9 years and 7 months and 13 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

6.

52528/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

12/02/2014

9 years and 11 months and 10 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

7.

52539/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

17/11/2013

9 years and 8 months and 15 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

8.

52540/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

11/12/2013

9 years and 9 months and 9 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

9.

52541/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

27/11/2013

9 years and 8 months and 25 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

10.

52544/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

19/09/2013

9 years and 6 months and 17 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

11.

52545/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

17/06/2013

9 years and 3 months and 15 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

12.

52653/16

29/08/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

05/02/2014

9 years and 11 months and 3 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

13.

55198/16

16/09/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

11/02/2016

11 years and 11 months and 9 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

14.

57973/16

30/09/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

28/03/2014

10 years and 26 day

2 levels of jurisdiction

15.

59150/16

01/10/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

20/08/2014

10 years and 5 months and 18 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

16.

59384/16

01/10/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

16/04/2014

10 years and 1 month and 14 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

17.

3987/17

23/12/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

30/01/2014

9 years and 10 months and 28 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

18.

3996/17

23/12/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

20/03/2014

10 years and 18 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

19.

34729/17

05/05/2017

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

10/09/2014

10 years and 6 months and 8 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

20.

34732/17

04/05/2017

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

30/10/2014

10 years and 7 months and 28 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

21.

34734/17

04/05/2017

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

31/10/2014

10 years and 7 months and 29 days

2 level(s) of jurisdiction

22.

40637/17

21/05/2017

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

18/08/2015

11 years and 5 months and 16 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

23.

40653/17

21/05/2017

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

21/04/2015

11 years and 1 month and 19 days 2 levels of jurisdiction

24.

42279/17

06/06/2017

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

03/04/2015

11 years and 1 month and 1 day

2 levels of jurisdiction

25.

42284/17

05/06/2017

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

07/09/2015

11 years and 6 months and 5 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

26.

42288/17

05/06/2017

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

10/09/2015

11 years and 6 months and 8 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

27.

84292/17

01/10/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

23/04/2014

10 years and 1 month and 21 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

28.

84295/17

01/10/2016

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

13/02/2014

9 years and 11 months and 11 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

29.

2362/18

03/01/2018

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

28/08/2014

10 years and 5 months and 26 days

2 levels of jurisdiction

30.

3200/18

26/12/2017

Housing Cooperative Tehničar Novi Sad

15/03/1983

Novi Sad, Serbia

03/03/2004

31/10/2014

10 years and 7 months and 29 days

2 levels of jurisdiction