Orzeczenia sądów
Opublikowano: www.echr.coe.int

Wyrok
Europejskiego Trybunału Praw Człowieka
z dnia 26 lipca 2018 r.
15557/15

UZASADNIENIE

Wstęp

ECLI:CE:ECHR:2018:0726JUD001555715

FOURTH SECTION

CASE OF BURCEA AND OTHERS v. ROMANIA

(Application no. 15557/15 and 10 others -

see appended list)

JUDGMENT

STRASBOURG

26 July 2018

This judgment is final but it may be subject to editorial revision.

In the case of Burcea and Others v. Romania,

The European Court of Human Rights (Fourth Section), sitting as a Committee composed of:

Vincent A. De Gaetano, President,

Georges Ravarani,

Marko Bošnjak, judges,

and Liv Tigerstedt, Acting Deputy Section Registrar,

Having deliberated in private on 5 July 2018,

Delivers the following judgment, which was adopted on that date:

Postępowanie

PROCEDURE

1. The case originated in applications against Romania lodged with the Court under Article 34 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms ("the Convention") on the various dates indicated in the appended table.

2. The applications were communicated to the Romanian Government ("the Government").

Uzasadnienie faktyczne

THE FACTS

3. The list of applicants and the relevant details of the applications are set out in the appended table.

4. The applicants complained of the inadequate conditions of their detention. In application no. 16249/16, the applicant also raised another complaint under Article 3 of the Convention.

Uzasadnienie prawne

THE LAW

I. JOINDER OF THE APPLICATIONS

5. Having regard to the similar subject matter of the applications, the Court finds it appropriate to examine them jointly in a single judgment.

II. ALLEGED VIOLATION OF ARTICLE 3 OF THE CONVENTION

6. The applicants complained principally of the inadequate conditions of their detention. They relied on Article 3 of the Convention, which reads as follows:

Article 3

"No one shall be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment."

7. In applications nos. 52024/15 and 16171/16, the Government raised a preliminary objection of non-compliance with the six-month time-limit, claiming that the applicants' complaints regarding their initial detention period had been lodged out of the time.

8. The Court observes that in application no. 52024/15 the applicant's complaint regarding his initial detention in Colibaș i Prison, which ceased on 6 September 2010 by his transfer to other prison facilities in respect of which he did not raise any complaint, was lodged with the Court on 7 March 2016, that is, more than six months after the transfer.

9. The Court further observes that in application no. 16171/16 the applicant's complaint regarding his initial detention period in Craiova Prison, which ceased on 21 July 2014 by his transfer to another prison facility in respect of which he did not raise any complaint, was lodged with the Court on 11 April 2016, that is, more than six months after the transfer.

10. Therefore, the Court accepts the Government's objection and finds that these parts of the applications nos. 52024/15 and 16171/16 were lodged out of the six-month time-limit and must be rejected in accordance with Article 35 §§ 1 and 4 of the Convention.

11. The Court notes that the applicants were kept in detention in poor conditions. The details of the applicants' detention are indicated in the appended table. The Court refers to the principles established in its case–law regarding inadequate conditions of detention (see, for instance, Muršić v. Croatia [GC], no. 7334/13, §§ 96–101, ECHR 2016). It reiterates in particular that a serious lack of space in a prison cell weighs heavily as a factor to be taken into account for the purpose of establishing whether the detention conditions described are "degrading" from the point of view of Article 3 and may disclose a violation, both alone or taken together with other shortcomings (see Muršić, cited above, §§ 122 –141, and Ananyev and Others v. Russia, nos. 42525/07 and 60800/08, §§ 149–159, 10 January 2012).

12. In the leading case of Rezmiveș and Others v. Romania, nos. 61467/12 and 3 others, 25 April 2017, the Court already found a violation in respect of issues similar to those in the present case.

13. Having examined all the material submitted to it, as well as the Government's objections concerning the continuous situation of the applicants' conditions of detention in some of the cases, the Court has not found any fact or argument capable of persuading it to reach a different conclusion on the admissibility and merits of these complaints. Having regard to its case-law on the subject, the Court considers that in the instant case the applicants' conditions of detention were inadequate.

14. These complaints are therefore admissible and disclose a breach of Article 3 of the Convention.

III. REMAINING COMPLAINTS

15. In application no. 16249/16, the applicant also raised another complaint under Article 3 of the Convention about the lack of medical assistance in detention.

16. Having examined the application, the Court considers that, in the light of all the material in its possession and in so far as the matters complained of are within its competence, this complaint either does not meet the admissibility criteria set out in Articles 34 and 35 of the Convention or does not disclose any appearance of a violation of the rights and freedoms enshrined in the Convention or the Protocols thereto.

It follows that this part of the application must be rejected in accordance with Article 35 § 4 of the Convention.

IV. APPLICATION OF ARTICLE 41 OF THE CONVENTION

17. Article 41 of the Convention provides:

"If the Court finds that there has been a violation of the Convention or the Protocols thereto, and if the internal law of the High Contracting Party concerned allows only partial reparation to be made, the Court shall, if necessary, afford just satisfaction to the injured party."

18. Regard being had to the documents in its possession and to its case–law (see, in particular, Rezmiveș and Others v. Romania, nos. 61467/12 and 3 others, 25 April 2017), the Court considers it reasonable to award the sums indicated in the appended table.

19. The Court considers it appropriate that the default interest rate should be based on the marginal lending rate of the European Central Bank, to which should be added three percentage points.

Sentencja

FOR THESE REASONS, THE COURT, UNANIMOUSLY,

1. Decides to join the applications;

2. Declares the complaints concerning the inadequate conditions of detention, as set out in the appended table, admissible and the remainder of the applications nos. 52024/15, 16171/16 and 16249/16 inadmissible;

3. Holds that these complaints disclose a breach of Article 3 of the Convention concerning the inadequate conditions of detention;

4. Holds

(a) that the respondent State is to pay the applicants, within three months, the amounts indicated in the appended table, to be converted into the currency of the respondent State at the rate applicable at the date of settlement;

(b) that from the expiry of the above-mentioned three months until settlement simple interest shall be payable on the above amounts at a rate equal to the marginal lending rate of the European Central Bank during the default period plus three percentage points.

Done in English, and notified in writing on 26 July 2018, pursuant to Rule 77 §§ 2 and 3 of the Rules of Court.

Liv Tigerstedt

Vincent A. De Gaetano

Acting Deputy Registrar

President

APPENDIX

List of applications raising complaints under Article 3 of the Convention

(inadequate conditions of detention)

No.

Application no.

Date of introduction

Applicant name

Date of birth

Representative name and location

Facility

Start and end date

Duration

Sq. m. per inmate

Specific grievances

Amount awarded for pecuniary and non-pecuniary damage and costs and expenses per applicant

(in euros) 1

1.

15557/15

11/09/2015

Marius-Cătălin Burcea

10/04/1992

Mărgineni Prison, Craiova Prison, Ploieș ti Prison, Găeș ti Prison

08/06/2011 to

01/08/2016

5 years and 1 month and 25 days

1.5-2.9 m²

overcrowding (save for the period of 23/07/2012-07/05/2013), insufficient number of sleeping places, lack of or inadequate hygienic facilities, lack or inadequate furniture, lack of fresh air, mouldy or dirty cell, small courtyard, lack of or insufficient natural light

5,000

2.

29956/15

03/08/2015

Costel Dănciulescu

21/04/1980

Jilava Prison

17/10/2014 to

04/12/2015

1 year and 1 month and 18 days

1.8-2.6 m²

overcrowding (save for the period of 13/07/2015-04/12/2015), bunk beds, lack of fresh air, lack of or restricted access to leisure or educational activities

3,000

3.

46426/15

05/10/2015

Ion Vălu

28/09/1960

Rahova Prison

11/03/2014

pending

More than 4 years and 2 months and 19 days

1.9-2.4 m²

overcrowding (save for the period of 11/03/2014-31/03/2014), lack of or insufficient natural light, lack of fresh air, inadequate temperature, lack of or inadequate hygienic facilities, mouldy or dirty cell, lack of or poor quality of bedding and bed linen, lack or inadequate furniture

3,000

4.

48073/15

10/10/2015

Dumitru Marian David

26/09/1987

Rahova Prison

14/10/2014 to

17/09/2015

11 months and 4 days

1.9-2.4 m²

overcrowding (save for the periods of 09/12/2014-10/12/2014, 20/04/2015-22/04/2015, 12/05/2015-14/05/2015, 15/06/2015-17/06/2015, 03/07/2015-17/09/2015), lack of or insufficient natural light, lack of fresh air, mouldy or dirty cell, lack or inadequate furniture

1,000

5.

52024/15

07/03/2016

Nicolae Ionescu

28/01/1979

Colibaș i Prison

31/03/2011 to

08/08/2016

5 years and 4 months and 9 days

14/11/2016 to

26/09/2017

10 months and 13 days

1.6-2.4 m²

2 m²

overcrowding (save for the period of 26/08/2013-04/09/2013), lack of or insufficient natural light, lack of or insufficient electric light, lack of or inadequate hygienic facilities, inadequate temperature

overcrowding, lack of or insufficient natural light, lack of or insufficient electric light, lack of or inadequate hygienic facilities, inadequate temperature

5,000

6.

15681/16

03/05/2016

George Ioan

06/11/1981

Rahova Prison, Jilava Prison, Giurgiu Prison, Galaț i Prison

23/10/2015 to

09/09/2016

10 months and 18 days

1.2-2.7 m²

overcrowding

1,000

7.

16171/16

11/04/2016

Cătălin-Georgel Ţuiu

30/06/1983

Craiova Prison

24/11/2014

pending

More than 3 years and 6 months and 6 days

1.4-2.1 m²

overcrowding, bunk beds, lack or inadequate furniture, infestation of cell with insects/rodents, lack of fresh air, lack of or insufficient physical exercise in fresh air

3,000

8.

16249/16

15/04/2016

Marian Pruteanu

23/03/1969

Craiova Prison, Drobeta-Turnu Severin Prison

14/05/2003

pending

More than 15 years and 16 days

1.1-1.8 m²

overcrowding (save for the period of 26/07/2013-1/08/2013), bunk beds, infestation of cell with insects/rodents, no or restricted access to warm water

5,000

9.

16475/16

15/06/2016

Andrei-Ionuț Sabău

09/01/1992

Tulcea Prison

28/01/2016

pending

More than 2 years and 4 months and 2 days

2.3-2.6 m²

overcrowding (save for the period starting with 29/03/2017 and onward), inadequate temperature, lack of fresh air, lack of or insufficient natural light, lack of or insufficient electric light, mouldy or dirty cell, lack of or poor quality of bedding and bed linen, lack or inadequate furniture, lack of or inadequate hygienic facilities, no or restricted access to warm water, lack of toiletries, lack of privacy for toilet, infestation of cell with insects/rodents

3,000

10.

44312/16

25/07/2016

Flaviu-Ș tefan Pop

01/08/1985

Vasile Rareș Biro

Satu Mare

Rahova Prison, Jilava Prison, Baia Mare Prison

12/11/2014 to

05/10/2016

1 year and 10 months and 24 days

1.6-2 m²

overcrowding (save for the period of 28/10/2015-05/10/2016), bunk beds, infestation of cell with insects/rodents, lack of or poor quality of bedding and bed linen, poor quality of food, lack of or inadequate hygienic facilities

3,000

11.

49001/16

04/08/2016

Gheorghe-Cătălin Cobzaru

23/09/1975

Neamț County Police Arrest, Bacău Prison, Iaș i Prison, Vaslui Prison

21/01/2014 to

29/11/2016

2 years and 10 months and 9 days

1.2-2.6 m²

overcrowding (save for the periods of 16/04/2014-09/09/2014, 24/10/2014-19/12/2014, 29/01/2015-14/03/2015, 28/07/2015-10/09/2015, 18/09/2015-09/06/2016, 30/07/2016-29/09/2016), small courtyard, lack of or inadequate hygienic facilities, lack or inadequate furniture, lack of fresh air, infestation of cell with insects/rodents

3,000

1

. Plus any tax that may be chargeable to the applicants.